Structural BIM Services, its importance in Building Information Modeling

Structural Building Information Modeling describes the use of BIM technology from the perspective of structural engineering. A structural model of a building, in its simplest sense, is a detailed and complex revelation of the structural components it is built upon. Thus, it is an intrinsic view of any building and reflects the appearance of the building with structural components like columns, beams, bolts, etc. rather than the way it appears to the eyes.

A structural model of a building is extremely important and useful for a project design as it determines its strength and suitability for the purpose it is constructed. For e.g. a multi-storey office building structure would be much simpler as compared to a tensile structure like a huge bridge. In this case, a structural model would be relatively more useful from an engineer’s point of view rather than an architect.

A structural model of an infrastructure is required to determine its integrity primarily towards safety and performance. Buildings are usually deemed and required to sustain massive loads as well as endure adverse climatic conditions and unpredictable natural disasters. Through the structural model of a project would include only a handful of basic structural elements, it is surprising that they can be used to build utterly complex structural systems.

Structural BIM is a true indicator of how much detail actually goes into the construction of the building. The primary advantages of using Structural Building Information Modeling are its capability of detailing, creating a structural model of the project with structural components and ability to produce 2D drawings from the model.

Structural BIM facilitates detailing, analysis and design in an integrated and seamless manner. Though there are stand-alone structural engineering applications available in the market for Structural BIM, Revit, 4M Fine Suit and Bentley are popular and widely used multi-disciplinary suites available for various BIM functions that can be integrated as and when required.

By using BIM structural services we can convert rough ideas into realistic structural 3D models which can further be seen into actual construction. BIM services helps to collect all the information required prior to construction.

BIM structural services following detailed information:
1. Clash Detection
2. High Quality of construction documents/schedules
3. Material Specifications, and Material Quantities.
4. Time schedules using 4D BIM technology
5. Budget frames and cost loaded schedules using 5D BIM technology

BIM Structural Services can be divided into following categories:

1. RCC Structural Services:
The RCC structural service includes 3D models with structural components like beams, columns along with detailed structural reports with material specifications.

2. Steel Structural Services:
The Steel Structural service offers steel design, drafting as well as fabrication designing. A steel structural service also includes rebar steel drawing as well as detailing.

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